| Explanation: || There are other versions of this story to but this is just one and Pandora's box is an artifact that represents how pandora released monster and other things into the world
Pandora opening box - Getty Images/Encyclopaedia Brittanica/UIG
In Greek mythology, Pandora disobeyed Zeus and opened the box that contained all of the evils of the world. Getty Images/Encyclopaedia Brittanica/UIG
A "Pandora's box" has come to signify the source of endless complications or trouble, one whose genesis is deceptively simple. The phrase comes from ancient Greek mythology, specifically a set of epic poems by Hesiod, the Theogony and Works and Days, from the Seventh Century B.C. The poet relates the creation of Pandora, the first woman, and a gift given to her by Zeus, which ultimately ends the Golden Age of humankind.
The Story of Pandora's Box
At the command of Zeus, the god Hephaestus crafted a beautiful woman in his forge—the first of her kind and a gift to Epimetheus, the brother of the titan Prometheus. The woman, unnamed in the Theogony but dubbed Pandora ("all gifted") in Works and Days, is showered with gifts by the Olympians, perhaps to make up for her deceitful nature.
Athena teaches her to weave, Aphrodite "shed grace upon her head," and Hermes gives her the gift of speech, according to Hesiod, to craft lies.
Zeus also gives Pandora a jar, or pithos, which over the millennia was mistranslated as a box. She was told under no circumstances not to open the jar (or box), but owing to her insatiable woman's curiosity, Pandora just cracked the lid.
Out from the jar (or box) flew every trouble known to humanity. Strife, sickness, toil, and myriad other ills (male chauvinism, anyone?) escaped to afflict men and women forever more. Pandora managed to trap one last spirit in the jar (or box) as she shut the lid, a timid sprite named Elpis, usually translated as "hope."
The Meaning of the Myth
It should be readily apparent to modern audiences that the Pandora myth belongs to a benighted illiberal tradition common to the ancient world and not completely vanquished from this one. In fact, scholars such as Robert Graves argued that the Pandora story was less a myth than an "anti-feminist fable" likely created by Hesiod himself.
But there are other aspects of the myth that are challenging, besides the gender bashing.
The conclusion, when Pandora traps Hope in her jar (or box), has eluded classicists for centuries. Was Pandora saving Hope for mankind, or keeping Hope away from humanity. Nietzsche assumed the worst: By saving Hope for humanity, Pandora doomed us all to suffering in vain.
Pandora and Eve
Modern readers may also be struck by the similarities between Pandora and the Biblical Eve. She too was a first woman, and she too was responsible for destroying an innocent, all-male Paradise and unleashing suffering ever after. Are the two related? Scholars find no concrete link between the two stories, but it's likely that in centuries of retelling throughout the ancient world, the tales grew to resemble one another.